Spectrum of mucocutaneous manifestations of diabetes mellitus in Jharkhand

Firdous Jahan, Pooja Choubey, Ankur Ghosh, Shyam Sundar Chaudhary, Prabhat Kumar

Abstract


Objective To study the prevalence and the pattern of mucocutaneous manifestations among diabetic patients to aid in better management of diabetic skin diseases.

 

Methods Three hundred consecutive patients with the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) and seeking treatment for skin lesions in the OPD of Department of Dermatology in Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi were included in the study.

 

Results Diabetic patients accounted for 7.2% of Dermatology OPD attendance with a male preponderance (M:F=1.4:1). The common skin disorders for which patients sought treatment were: superficial fungal infections (24%), acrochordons (17.7%), xerosis (13.7%) and bacterial infections (7.4%).

 

Conclusion Skin problems are quite common among diabetic population. Most of the dermatoses  were infectious in nature. The early detection of mucocutaneous manifestations in DM is of utmost importance to be able to avoid and manage the complications and prevent disability.

 


Keywords


Diabetes mellitus, superficial fungal infections, xerosis, acrochordons

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