Vitamin D levels and their relationship with the type of involvement in alopecia areata patients

Vitamin D levels and alopecia areata

Authors

  • Sabir Hasanbeyzade Hitit University Erol Olcok Training and Research Hospital
  • Mustafa Tunca Dermatology and Venerology Department, Gulhane Millitary and Medical Academy Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Keywords:

alopecia areata, vitamin D, 25(OH)D₃

Abstract

Background:Alopecia areata is an autoimmune dermatosis characterized by non-scarring loss of hair,especially hair,beard,eyebrows and eyelashes.In this case-control study,we investigated the relationship between vitamin D levels and the disease and the type of involvement (patchy,diffuse,total and universal). Material-Metods:Ethics committee approval was received for the study.41 non-pregnant and over 18 years of age alopecia areata patients,who applied to the dermatology outpatient clinic of our hospital between 08.03.2016 and 31.05.2016 and who agreed to participate in the study and gave informed consent after being given verbal and written information about the study,were included in the study.The control group included 41 non-pregnant people over the age of 18 who applied to the outpatient clinic with complaints other than alopecia areata,matched with the patient group in terms of age and gender. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in vitamin D levels between the patient and control groups,as well as between groups separated according to the type of involvement (p=0.06 and 0.72, respectively).There was no significant difference between the 2 groups with normal and low (<30ng/ml) vitamin D in terms of both disease and extent patterns (p=0.11 and 0.37, respectively).When all participants were divided into 3 groups in terms of serum vitamin D levels: normal,borderline low (20-29.9 ng/ml) and low (<20ng/ml),no statistically significant difference was found in terms of disease and extent patterns (p=0.17 and 0.33, respectively). Conclusion:In our study,no statistically significant connection was found between the disease and the extent of involvement in terms of mean vitamin D levels and low vitamin D levels.

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Published

2024-05-06

How to Cite

1.
Sabir Hasanbeyzade, Tunca M. Vitamin D levels and their relationship with the type of involvement in alopecia areata patients: Vitamin D levels and alopecia areata. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2024May6 [cited 2024May20];34(1):200-7. Available from: https://jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/2686

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