Morphometric localization of infra-orbital foramina in relation to supra-orbital foramina in dried Pakistani skulls

Authors

  • Aisha Zafar Department of Anatomy, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore
  • Ummarah Z. Farid Department of Anatomy, Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore
  • Saelah Batool Department of Dermatology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore
  • Hira Tariq Department of Dermatology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore
  • Azam Bukhari Department of Dermatology, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore

Keywords:

Morphometric localization, Infra-orbital foramen, Supra-orbital foramen

Abstract

Background   The anatomy of skull especially with regard to location of infraorbital and supraorbital foramina morphometric is critically important for avoiding potential iatrogenic nerve damage during surgery or cosmetic procedures on the mid-face. This study aimed to conduct the morphometric analysis of infra orbital and supraorbital foramina in dry human skulls in Pakistani population. Objective. To evaluate precise anatomical position of infraorbital foramina in reference to supraorbital foramina in adult human skulls. Methods   In this cross sectional study, 40 skulls were collected. Out of them, 35 met the criteria of selection. Skulls were aligned in Frankfurt horizontal plane. All measurements were carried out by using double tipped compass and transferred to the metal sliding scale which was capable of measuring as low as 0.5mm. Measurements were taken three times by same person and mean was calculated to increase accuracy of measurement. Mean and standard deviations, median, range and mode were calculated and analyzed by using SPSS (statistical package for social sciences) version 27. P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results   The mean vertical and horizontal distances of IOF on right side were 43.2± 2.5 (SD) mm and 3.7±2.7 (SD) mm respectively. Median and mode vertical distance value on right was 43.2mm and 45 with range of 13(min: 37 and max:50) in between. While median and mode horizontal distances on right were 4 and 1 with the range of 8.5(min: 0 and max:8.5). The mean vertical and horizontal distances of IOF on left side are 43.2±2.7 (SD) mm and 3.46±1.8 (SD) mm respectively. Median and mode vertical distance values on left was 43.0mm and 41.5 with range of 9.5(min: 39 and max:48.5) in between. While median and mode horizontal distance values on left were 3 and 3 with the range of 7.5(min:0 and max:7.5). Conclusion The present study adds information to the literature concerning morphometric value of infraorbital foramen in view of racial variations. The data are of direct relevance to clinical practice and teaching. Key words   Morphometric localization, infra-orbital foramen, supra-orbital foramen    

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Published

2024-05-06

How to Cite

1.
Zafar A, Farid UZ, Batool S, Tariq H, Bukhari A. Morphometric localization of infra-orbital foramina in relation to supra-orbital foramina in dried Pakistani skulls. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2024May6 [cited 2024May19];34(1):57-62. Available from: https://jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/2527

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