Pattern of Dermatological Disorders in Paediatric Patients of DHQ Teaching Hospital, Gujranwala
Keywords:Pediatric, dermatoses, health care planning, management, prevention
AbstractAbstract Objective To identify the pattern of various clinical presentations of skin disorders in pediatric patients of DHQ teaching hospital, Gujranwala for improving health care planning and management. Methods. The query describes a descriptive, cross-sectional hospital-based study that included the patients of all genders and ages upto 14 years who visited the Dermatology Outpatient Department within a year. The diagnoses of patients were confirmed after detailed history, examinations and necessary investigations. Results 9,526 children presented to the Dermatology Department. Out of those, 43% were males and 57% were females. Mean age noted was 5.5 years with standard deviation of 3.2 years. Scabies (32.2%), eczema (16.6%), tinea (13.4%), seborrheic dermatitis (4.3 %), furunculosis (4.0%), impetigo (3.7%), urticaria (3.0%), vitiligo (2.8%), diaper candidiasis (2.6%), viral exanthemas (2.0%), carbuncle (1.9%), atopic dermatitis (1.7%), molluscum contagiosum (1.5%), alopecia areata (1.5%) and pityriasis versicolor (1.3%) were included in the group of more common dermatoses. Rest of dermatoses were divided into less commom (6.3%) and rare dermatoses (1.2%). Conclusion There should be collaboration between pediatrician and dermatologist for the early diagnosis and management of most commonly observed dermatoses. It will reduce a lot of burden on our health care system. Key words Pediatric, dermatoses, health care planning, management, prevention.
Tariq H. Pattern of Dermatological disorders in Paediatric patients of Faisalabad. Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists. 2022 Mar 29;32(1):131-5.
Karimkhani C, Dellavalle RP, Coffeng LE, Flohr C, Hay RJ, Langan SM, Nsoesie EO, Ferrari AJ, Erskine HE, Silverberg JI, Vos T. Global skin disease morbidity and mortality: an update from the global burden of disease study 2013. JAMA dermatology. 2017 May 1;153(5):406-12.
Dalgard F, Svensson Å, Holm JØ, Sundby J. Self‐reported skin morbidity in Oslo. Associations with sociodemographic factors among adults in a cross‐sectional study. British journal of dermatology. 2004 Aug 1;151(2):452-7.
Elsner P. Skin protection in the prevention of skin diseases. Skin Protection. 2007;34:1-0.
Massa A, Alves R, Amado J, Matos E, Sanches M, Selores M, Santos C, Costa V, Velho G, Oliveira M, Ferreira E. Prevalence of cutaneous lesions in Freixo de Espada a Cinta. Acta medica portuguesa. 2000 Sep 1;13(5-6):247-54.
Tamer E, Ilhan MN, Polat M, Lenk N, Alli N. Prevalence of skin diseases among pediatric patients in Turkey. The Journal of dermatology. 2008 Jul;35(7):413-8.
Thappa DM. Common skin problems. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 2002 Aug;69:701-6.
Young TK, Glick AF, Yin HS, Kolla AM, Velazquez JJ, Nicholson J, Oza VS. Management of pediatric atopic dermatitis by primary care providers: a systematic review. Academic Pediatrics. 2021 Nov 1;21(8):1318-27.
Karthikeyan K, Thappa DM, Jeevankumar B. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in a referral center in South India. Indian pediatrics. 2004 Apr 1;41(4):373-6.
Balai M, Khare AK, Gupta LK, Mittal A, Kuldeep CM. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in a tertiary care centre of South West Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Dermatology. 2012 Jul 1;57(4):275.
Nagarajan K, Thokchom NS, Ibochouba K, Verma K, Hafi NB. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in Northeast India. Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology. 2017 Oct 1;18(4):286-91.
Nanda A, Al‐Hasawi F, Alsaleh QA. A prospective survey of pediatric dermatology clinic patients in Kuwait: an analysis of 10,000 cases. Pediatric dermatology. 1999 Jan;16(1):6-11.
Saif GA, Al Shehab SA. Pattern of childhood dermatoses at a teaching hospital of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Health Sciences. 2008 Jul;2(2):63.
Elfaituri SS. Pediatric dermatoses in Benghazi, Libya. Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology. 2015 Apr 1;16(2):64-71.
Reddy VS, Anoop T, Ajayakumar S, Bindurani S, Rajiv S, Bifi J. Study of clinical spectrum of pediatric dermatoses in patients attending a Tertiary Care Center in North Kerala. Indian Journal of Paediatric Dermatology. 2016 Oct 1;17(4):267-72.
Poudyal Y, Ranjit A, Pathak S, Chaudhary N. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in a tertiary care hospital of Western Nepal. Dermatology Research and Practice. 2016 May 9;2016.
Hassan I, Ahmad K, Yaseen A. Pattern of pediatric dermatoses in Kashmir valley: A study from a tertiary care center. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology. 2014 Sep 1;80:448.
Jawade SA, Chugh VS, Gohil SK, Mistry AS, Umrigar DD. A clinico-etiological study of dermatoses in pediatric age group in tertiary health care center in South Gujarat region. Indian journal of dermatology. 2015 Nov;60(6):635.