The Survey of dermatophytic fungal infections in Thi-Qar proviance

Authors

  • Mohammed Hashim Al-Yasiri College of Sciences / University of Thi-Qar
  • Ahmed A. Alhuchami College of Medicine/ University of Thi-Qar, Thi-Qar, Iraq.
  • Saad A. Atiyah College of Medicine/ University of Thi-Qar, Thi-Qar, Iraq.

Keywords:

Dermatophytes, deramtophytosis, clinical samples, human skin infections

Abstract

Dermatophytoses spread world wide and caused by pathogenic filamentous fungi which infect skin, hair, and nails. The study aimed to determine the frequency and state of skin fungal infections in Nasiriyah city/South of Iraq. The samples under study were including: hair, Skin and nail fragments that collected from 500 patients with suspected dermatophytosis from private clinics in Al- during 2021, Fungal infections were detected according to standard diagnostic techniques. Dermatophytes infection was detected in 51 patients (10.2%), the frequency of Dermatophytes was higher in males (68.63%) than females (31.37%), the incidence of fungal infection was 64.71% in urban areas, when compared with rural areas, fungal infection in the scalp (tinea capitis) was more frequent, followed by face and arm of the patient's body. In brief, fungal skin infections have high frequency among dermatological diseases especially in male and urban area with high frequency of tinea capitis infection.

References

Adesiji YO, Omolade FB, Aderibigbe IA, Ogungbe O, Adefioye OA, Adedokun SA, et al. Prevalence of Tinea Capitis among Children in Osogbo, Nigeria, and the Associated Risk Factors. Diseases 2019;7:13.

Ali WA. Diagnosis of dermatophyte infections with specific detection DNA extraction and PCR methods 2020;7276:7273–6.

Aly R, Hay RJ, Del Palacio A, Galimberti R. Epidemiology of tinea capitis. Med Mycol 2000;38:183–8.

Dogo J, Afegbua SL, Dung EC. Prevalence of Tinea Capitis among School Children in Nok Community of Kaduna State, Nigeria. J Pathog 2016;2016:1–6.

Dolenc-Voljč M. Dermatophyte Infections in Humans: Current Trends and Future Prospects. 2015.

Faway É, Lambert de Rouvroit C, Poumay Y. In vitro models of dermatophyte infection to investigate epidermal barrier alterations. Exp Dermatol 2018;27:915–22.

Forbes Sahm, D.F., Weissfeld, A.S. and Bailey, W.R. BA. Bailey & Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology., 12th Edition. 2007.

Gnat S, Nowakiewicz A, Łagowski D, Zięba P. Host- and pathogen-dependent susceptibility and predisposition to dermatophytosis. J Med Microbiol 2019;68:823–36.

Hainer BL. Dermatophyte infections. Am Fam Physician 2003;67:101–8. doi:10.1016/B978-008055232-3.60907-9.

Jartarkar SR, Patil A, Goldust Y, Cockerell CJ, Schwartz RA, Grabbe S, et al. Pathogenesis, Immunology and Management of Dermatophytosis. J Fungi 2022;8:1–15.

Jasim Mohammed S, Noaimi AA, Sharquie KE, Mohammed Karhoot J, ShJebur M, Abood JR, et al. A Survey Of Dermatophytes Isolated From Iraqi Patients In Baghdad City. Qadisiya Med J 2015;11.

Julien GA, Adiyaga WC, Saaka RA-E, Sunyazi SS, Batuiamu AT, Abugri D, et al. Dermatophytic Diseases: A Review of Tinea Pedis. MedRxiv 2021:2021.06.28.21259664.

Kaul S, Yadav S, Dogra S. Treatment of Dermatophytosis in Elderly, Children, and Pregnant Women. Indian Dermatol Online J 2017;10:481–5.

Kurade S, Amladi S, Miskeen A. Skin scraping and a potassium hydroxide mount. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2006;72:238–41.

Kutlu Ö, Metin A. Dermatological diseases presented before COVID-19: Are patients with psoriasis and superficial fungal infections more vulnerable to the COVID-19? Dermatol Ther 2020;33:10–3.

Lilly KK, Koshnick RL, Grill JP, Khalil ZM, Nelson DB, Warshaw EM. Cost-effectiveness of diagnostic tests for toenail onychomycosis: A repeated-measure, single-blinded, cross-sectional evaluation of 7 diagnostic tests. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;55:620–6.

Martinez-Rossi NM, Peres NTA, Bitencourt TA, Martins MP, Rossi A. State-of-the-art dermatophyte infections: Epidemiology aspects, pathophysiology, and resistance mechanisms. J Fungi 2021;7.

Pontes ZBV da S, de Oliveira AC, Guerra FQS, Pontes LR de A, dos Santos JP. Disterbution of dermatophytes from soils of urban and rural areas of cities of Paraiba state, Brazel Zélia. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2013;55:377–83.

Rouzaud C, Hay R, Chosidow O, Dupin N, Puel A, Lortholary O, et al. Severe dermatophytosis and acquired or innate immunodeficiency: A review. J Fungi 2016;2.

Shivanna R, Inamadar AC. Clinical failure of antifungal therapy of dermatophytoses: Recurrence, resistance, and remedy. Indian J Drugs Dermatology 2017;3:1.

Wang R, Huang C, Zhang Y, Li R. Invasive dermatophyte infection: A systematic review. Mycoses 2021;64:340–8.

Downloads

Published

2023-08-07

How to Cite

1.
Hashim Al-Yasiri M, Alhuchami AA, Atiyah SA. The Survey of dermatophytic fungal infections in Thi-Qar proviance. J Pak Assoc Dermatol [Internet]. 2023Aug.7 [cited 2024May19];33(3):1044-8. Available from: https://jpad.com.pk/index.php/jpad/article/view/2287

Issue

Section

Original Articles