Knowledge, attitude and practices about sun exposure, photoprotection and sunscreen usage among college students of Hassan in Karnataka: A cross-sectional study

Yashovardhana D P, Ravikiumar B C, Sucheta s swamy, Sonia Raghukumar, Archit Aggarwal

Abstract


Background The adverse effects of sun exposure in the form of pigmentary changes, burning, premature skin aging and skin cancers are major concerns among the general public which often require photoprotective measures such as sunscreen usage and life style modifications. Hence we undertook this study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices about sun exposure, photoprotection and sunscreen usage.

 

Methods A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted on 1000 college students from three different colleges by a closed end questionnaire, in which questions were based on knowledge, attitude and practices of sun exposure, photoprotection and usage of sunscreens.

 

Results Out of 1000 students, 879 responses were considered for analysis. Amongst these, 605 (68.82%) students said they had a tendency to tan, 204 (23.2%) tendency to burn and 341 (38.8%) tendency for pigmentary changes. A total of 343 (39.0%) knew about the harmful effects of sunlight. Only 244 (27.8%) students used sunscreen, of which 202 (82.7%) knew meaning of SPF, 29 (11.8%) knew the SPF value of their sunscreen, 29 (11.88%) knew quantity of sunscreen to be applied and 16 (6.6%) students used sunscreens always. Among 635 sunscreen non-users 508 (80%) were unaware of it.

 

Conclusion This study reveals that in comparison to western population, the knowledge concerning the detrimental effects of sunlight exposure and its prevention is lacking among the adolescent Indian population. This perhaps explains why millions of Indians silently suffer the deleterious consequences of sunlight exposure and tend to ignore it due to its  non-lethal nature.

 


Keywords


Knowledge, sunlight, sunscreen, photoprotection

Full Text:

PDF

References


References:

Battie C, Verschoore M. Cutaneous solar ultraviolet exposure and clinical aspects of photodamage. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2012;78, Suppl S1:9-14

Khanna N, Rasool S. Facial melanoses: Indian perspective. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2011;77:552 63.

Sharma L, Basnet A. A clinicoepidemiological study of polymorphic light eruption. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2008; 74:15-7

Planta MB: Sunscreen and Melanoma: is our prevention message correct? J Am Board Fam Med 2011, 24(6):735-739.

Koh HK, Geller AC, Miller DR, Grossbart TA, Lew RA. Prevention and early detection strategies for melanoma and skin cancer. Current status. Arch Dermatol 1996;132:436-43.

Panda S. Non-melanoma skin cancer in India: Current scenario. Indian J Dermatol. 2010 Oct-Dec; 55(4): 373–378.

Van der Pols JC, Williams GM, Pandeya N, Logan V and Green AC. Prolonged prevention of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin by regular sunscreen use. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2006; 15: 2546–2548

Green AC, Williams GM. Point: sunscreen use is a safe and effective approach to skin cancer prevention. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers rev 2007; 16: 1921–1922

Rai R, Srinivas C R. Photoprotection. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2007;73:73-9

Al-Mutairi N, Issa BI, Nair V. Photoprotection and vitamin D status: A study on awareness,

knowledge and attitude towards sun protection in general population from Kuwait, and its

relation with vitamin D levels. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2012; 78:342-9

Suppa M, Cazzaniga S, Fargnoli MC, Naldi L, Peris K. Knowledge, perceptions and

behaviors about skin cancer and sun protection among secondary school students from

Central Italy. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013;27(5):571-9.

Thomas-Gavelan E, Sáenz-Anduaga E, Ramos W, Sánchez-Saldaña L, Sialer MC.

Knowledge, Attitudes and practice with respect to sun exposure and photoprotection in

outpatients attending Dermatology clinics at four hospitals in Lima,Peru. An Bras Dermatol.

; 86(6):1122-8.

Coups EJ, Stapleton JL, Hudson SV, Forrester AM, Pereira AN and Goydos JS. Sun

protection and exposure behaviors among Hispanic adults in the United States: differences

according to acculturation and among Hispanic subgroups. BMC Public Health 2012 12:985.

Dobbinson SJ, Volkov A and Wakefield MA. Continued impact of sunsmart adverstising on

youth and adults behaviors. Am J Prev Med 2015;49(1):20-8

Magdum A, Leonforte F, McNaughton E, Kim J, Patel T and Haywood R. Sun protection-

Do we know enough? Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery 2012, 65:

-1389.

Dadlani C, Orlow SJ. Planning for a brighter future: a review of sun protection and barriers

to behavioral change in children and adolescents. Dermatol Online J 2008; 14:1


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN: 1560-9014