Demographic, Clinical and Histopathological Spectrum of Leprosy ; A Study of 30 Pakistani Patients

Rabia Ghafoor, Mutahir Zia, Muhammad Irfan Anwar, Mansoor Ahmed, Kanta Lal Kumar, Muhammad Iqbal

Abstract


Methods We selected 30 new and previously untreated cases of leprosy that presented at Marie Adelaide Leprosy Center, Karachi, from January 01, 2016 to July 31, 2016 and were diagnosed by a senior leprologist. Information on demographic, clinical and histopathological features of each patient was then collected from the medical records.

 

Results Mean age of presentation was 36.47±17.57 years with age range of 07-69 years. Male to female ratio was 3.2:1. History of a household contact was positive in 11 (37%) cases. Ulnar nerve was the most common nerve enlarged (83%) and borderline lepromatous leprosy was the most common type of disease.

 

Conclusion Leprosy is still prevalent in Pakistan. Active case detection and awareness of doctors and community should be done for early diagnosis to prevent disabilities.

 


Keywords


Leprosy, clinical features, histopathology, bacillary index, granulomatous disorder, nerve enlargement, MALC

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