Assessment of depression in patients of acne vulgaris and its correlation with severity of acne, post acne scarring and gender

Nitin Mishra, Madhur kant Rastogi, Pratik Gahalaut, Neeraj Srivastava, Anuj Aggarwal

Abstract


Objective To determine level of depression and correlate it with gender, duration, severity and scarring in patients having acne vulgaris.

 

Methods All the patients of acne vulgaris over a time period of one year were included in the study. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scores were used to assess depression levels. Grading of acne and postacne scars was done based on consensus criteria. SPSS software was used to determine Pearson correlation between different variables.

 

Results Males had more significant scarring compared to females. BDI scores significantly correlated with acne severity, duration of acne and post acne scarring. Negative correlation between BDI scores and education level was also noticed.

 

Conclusion In a patient of acne vulgaris proper attention should be paid towards psychological impairments and patient’s self-assessment of depression levels. Prompt and effective treatment should be instituted for acne vulgaris, as well as, postacne scarring. Improving education levels may alleviate severity of depression in patients of acne vulgaris.

 


Keywords


BDI score, acne, depression, gender based differences.

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References


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