Cutaneous manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus – An experience from Bahawal-Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur

Aqsa Naheed, Jamil Ahmed Shaheen, Muhammad Khalid

Abstract


Objective To document the frequency of cutaneous manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

 

Methodos It was a case-series collected from Dermatology Department and all four Medical Units of Bahawal-Victoria Teaching Hospital of Quaid-e-Azam Medical, Bahawalpur. A total of 100 patients with diagnosis of SLE and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the study. All the patients were evaluated for the cutaneous manifestations of SLE. All the information was collected in a specially designed proforma and analyzed with the help of SPSS version 10.

 

Results The mean age of the patients was 25.97±4.64 years. 92% patients were female and 8% were male. Out of 100 patients, 85% patient presented with cutaneous manifestations. Photosensitivity was seen in 40 (40%) patients, discoid rash in 35 (35%), malar rash in 25 (25%), and oral ulcers in 24 (24%).

 

Conclusion SLE is predominantly seen among female patients of young age. Photosensitivity is most common presentation, followed by discoid rash.

 


Keywords


Systemic lupus erythematosus, cutaneous manifestations, malar rash, photosensitivity

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References


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