Frequency of various skin diseases in patients visiting the OPD of dermatology department at a tertiary care Hospital, Aziz Fatima Medical & Dental College Faisalabad

Saeed Ahmad, Nasir Mahmood, Subhan Ullah, Humayun Suqrat, Nisar Khan Sajid

Abstract


Objective To determine the frequency of the skin diseases  in patients attending dermatology OPD in a tertiary care Hospital in Faisalabad.

 

Materials and Methods It is a descriptive study carried out from 1st September.2019 to 29th February 2020 for the period of six months. It was carried out on patients attending dermatology OPD at Aziz Fatima Hospital Faisalabad which is a tertiary care hospital affiliated with Aziz Fatima Hospital Faisalabad. Total of two thousand eight hundred seventy nine patients were enrolled after informal consent. Study was based on the newly diagnosed cases presenting in dermatology OPD, irrespective of age and sex. The diseases were diagnosed clinically and relevant investigations were carried out at laboratory of hospital. History and Physical examination was recorded on a predesigned standared proforma and analysed through computer Microsoft SPSS. Biochemical tests were carried out where needed. Skin biopsy and histopathology was carried out in selected cases where diagnosis was proved or otherwise. All the data was recorded and analyzed by SPSS software to assess the burden of these diseases in our setup and finally comparison was made with different studies.

 

Results A total of 2879 patients were enrolled in the study from 1st September 2019 to 29th February 2020 for a period of six months. It include 1928 female patients (66.97%) and 951 male patients (33.03%), female to male ratio was 2:1 approximately. A general classification into infective and non infective groups was categorized. All the diseases were broadly divided in to   infective and non infective  groups. Infective group comprised of 1288(44.73%) and non infective group consists of 1592 patients.ie55.27%. Acne was most common (n=489 ie.16.98%) non infective disease. Scabies was (n=873 ie.30.32%) among the infective group.

 

Conclusion Our study found the higher incidence of non-infective disease i.e. n= 1591(55.27%) and acne was most common disorder (n=489 i.e. 16.98%) and among infective disorder (n=1288 i.e. 44.73%) scabies was most common n=873 i.e30.32%.

 


Keywords


Skin diseases; acne; scabies; infectious and non-infection groups

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References


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