Knowledge and Attitude among Under-Graduate Medical Students towards Leprosy in Tertiary Care Hospital- a Questionnaire Based Study.


  • Harish Muddanahalli Rajegowda RGUHS, Bengaluru.
  • Deepadarshan Kalegowda RGUHS, Bengaluru.
  • Shashi Kumar Basavapura Madegowda RGUHS, Bengaluru.
  • Bhanutej Kadapalakere Lakshminarasimhaiah RGUHS, Bengaluru.


Leprosy, knowledge and attitude, students, stigma.


Background: Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infectious debilitating condition with still persisting social stigmatization in community. It is essential for medical students who become future physicians to be well aware of knowledge and to have positive attitude towards leprosy, so that effective counselling and guidance would be possible.Objective: This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitude towards leprosy among under graduate medical students. Methods: In this cross sectional study, a well-structured questionnaire containing 20 questions each to assess knowledge and attitude towards leprosy was given to 82 under graduate (III phase) students following brief description about study and objectives. Students who responded correctly for upto 8 questions were assigned level 1 (poor), 9 to 12: level 2 (average), 13 to 16: level 3 (good) and for more than 16: level 4 (excellent) in each questionnaire.Results: With a mean score for knowledge 15.48, total of 39% excellent, 48.8% good and 12.2% had average knowledge about leprosy. With a mean score for positive attitude 12.04, a total of only 7.3% excellent, 41.5% good, 31.7% average and 19.5% had poor positive attitude towards leprosy and leprosy patients.Conclusion: Even though majority of students had good and excellent knowledge about leprosy, there is significant negative attitude towards leprosy affected persons among medical students. This emphasizes the need for innovative ideas to build up the positive attitude among under graduates.

Author Biographies

Harish Muddanahalli Rajegowda, RGUHS, Bengaluru.

Professor and HODDepartment of DVLMIMS, Mandya.

Deepadarshan Kalegowda, RGUHS, Bengaluru.

Assistant professorDepartment of DVLMIMS, Mandya.

Shashi Kumar Basavapura Madegowda, RGUHS, Bengaluru.

Associate ProfessorDepartment of DVLMIMS, Mandya.

Bhanutej Kadapalakere Lakshminarasimhaiah, RGUHS, Bengaluru.

Junior resident,#13, OPD Block,Department of Dermatology,venereology and Leprosy,MIMS, Mandya.


Udaya kiran K: Introduction and Historical Aspects of Leprosy. In Sacchidanand S. IADVL Textbook of Dermatology. 4th ed. 3059.

Goncalves, A. Realities of leprosy control: updating scenarios. Rev Bras Epidemiology.2013. p611.

Churchill Livingstone: Clinical features of Hansen’s disease. In Bryceson M &Pfaltzgraff R E. Leprosy, 3rd ed. p240.

Nanda Kishore B: Disablement- Its prevention and management. In Sacchidanand S. IADVL Textbook of Dermatology. 4th ed. 3181.

Bekri W, Gebre S, Mengiste A et al: Delay in diagnosis of leprosy and start of treatment in leprosy patients: a case control study of disabled and non-disabled patients in three different settings in Ethiopia. Intternational Journal of Leprology. 1998; 661–9.

Zhang F, Chen S, Sun Y, Chu T: Healthcare seeking behaviour and delay in diagnosis of leprosy in a low endemic area of China. Leprosy Review 2009. 416–23.

Narasimha Rao P and Sujai Sunnetha: Current situation of Leprosy in India and its Future Implications. IDOJ. 2018. 83.

Swapna K, AL SK, Aruna C, Sridevi K, Ramamurthy DVSB: An assessment of knowledge and attitude towards leprosy among undergraduate medical students. Indian Journal of Experimental Dermatology. 2019. 68-74.

Jain M, Sharma A, Jain V, Virjee K, Singh S. Knowledge and Attitude about Leprosy among Indian Dental Students in Faridabad. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2016 Mar; 10(3):ZC48.

Bajaj DR, Matlani BL, Soomro FR, Iqbal MP. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding leprosy among general practitioners at Hyderabad. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2009 Apr 1;19(4): 215-8.

Tiwari R, Srivastava DK, Bansal M, Adhikari P, Mishra S. An assessment of the impact of one day training programme on knowledge and attitude of undergraduate students on leprosy at G. R Medical college, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. National Journal of Community Medicine. 2013 April; 4(2): 14-17.






Original Articles