Factors influencing the use of topical steroid based medications in tinea infection in a tertiary care centre, Tamilnadu

Dhanalakshmi Kathirvel, A Sudarvizhi, Gladius Jennifer

Abstract


Background  Steroid modified tinea has become the worst nightmare to the society which delays the access to the proper treatment and sometimes leaves  permanent mark on the user. This is because of the unawareness of the molecules in the medications used, both by the user and the prescriber.

 

Objectivem  To elucidate the common social factors involved in the misuse of topical steroids in fungal infections.

 

Methods  Over a period of 6 months, 187 patients were enrolled in the study with informed consent. Their demographic profile, socioeconomic status (SES), educational level, clinical picture, adverse events were noted in this study.

 

Results  Equal sexual distribution was noted and 21-30 year age group is the commonest age in this study (37.5%). High school graders (49%) and undergraduate holders (26%) were using the irrelevant fixed dose combinations (FDCs) and also the class 3&4 (42.%&32%) of SES.  Irrelevant FDCs (86.6%) were misused more than plain steroids. Pseudo imbricata pattern (27%), classical annular (25%) and psoriasiform patterns (21%) were common. Tinea cruris (40%) and tinea corporis (33%) were the common findings. KOH was positive in 91%.

 

Conclusion Limiting the production of the Irrelevant FDCs by stringent measures and including topical medication in medical undergraduate curriculum and health education to the community are all needed to combat this menace.

 


Keywords


Irrelevant FDC; tinea; socio economic status (SES); OTC steroid; dermatophytosis

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