Frequency of chronic venous insufficiency in patients of Schamberg’s disease

Yousuf Abd Mallick, Sidra Akhlaq Hussain

Abstract


Objective To determine the frequency of chronic venous insufficiency in patients of Schamberg’s disease.

 

Methodology The study was cross-sectional & conducted in Dermatology outpatient department at Saifee Hospital Trust, Karachi, Pakistan. The duration of study was eleven months i.e. from April 2017 to March 2018. Clinically diagnosed, 60 cases of Schamberg’s disease were included via non probability consecutive sampling technique. Age of patients was 18 years and above. Clinical examination for varicose veins and Doppler ultrasonography of the lower extremities were performed and findings were recorded.

 

Results In our study, the mean age was 44.43±13.83 years. Out of 60 patients, 27 (45%) were male and 33 (55%) were female. Only 13 (21.67%) patients had a positive family history of Schamberg’s disease. In our study, 18 (30%) patients had clinically detected varicose veins of lower limbs while variable degrees of venous insufficiency were detected in 28 (46.67%) patients on Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities.

 

Conclusion The number of patients with chronic venous insufficiency in Schamberg’s disease is significantly higher and it might be one of the main predisposing factors for this disease. However, further case-control studies are required to calculate its prevalence and to confirm its aetiopathogenic association.

 


Keywords


Schamberg’s disease, chronic venous insufficiency, Doppler ultrasound, frequency, varicose veins

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