Frequency of metabolic syndrome in patients of psoriasis

Aisha Ghias, Muhammad Saleem Khan, Eima Shaheen

Abstract


Objective To find the frequency of metabolic syndrome in patients of psoriasis.

 

Methods It was an observational study carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, Pakistan. A total of 100 patients diagnosed as psoriasis both clinically and where needed supplemented by histopathology, were included in the study using non-probability purposive sampling technique. Patients’ data including their body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP), fasting blood sugar (BSF), fasting triglycerides (FTg) and fasting high density lipoproteins (FHDL) were recorded. Patients were categorized as having metabolic syndrome if their waist circumference was >40cm for males and >35cm for females or their BMI was >30kg/m2 plus they had any two abnormalities among hypertension, raised fasting plasma triglycerides, reduced HDL and raised fasting blood sugar level.

 

Results There were 73 males and 27 females. Metabolic syndrome was identified in 41 (30 males and 11 females) patients based on International Diabetes Federation consensus worldwide definition. Females were significantly obese than males (p=0.00) and the frequency of females with deranged HDL levels was likewise significantly high as compared to males (p=0.00).

 

Conclusion Metabolic syndrome is a frequent association in psoriasis patients. Females were obese and had had deranged HDL levels.

 


Keywords


Psoriasis, metabolic syndrome

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References


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