Sexually transmitted infections in children: a prospective cross-sectional hospital-based study

Swati Singh, Satyendra Kumar Singh

Abstract


Objective To study the clinico-epidemiological profile of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among the children.

 

Methods It as a cross-sectional hospital-based study. Children (up to 13 years) with suspected STI were included in this study. Diagnosis of STI was done on the basis of detailed history, clinical examination and relevant laboratory investigations.

 

Results A total of 8,421 STI patients were seen during this period, out of which 57 were children. The commonest STI was seen in the age group of 10-13 years (71.9%). The predominant STIs observed among these children were condyloma acuminata (genital warts) [40.3%], syphilis (14.9%), gonorrhea (13.4%), vaginal candidiasis (13.4%),  herpes progenitalis (10.5%), molluscum contagiosum (6.0%) and HIV (1.5%). In majority of cases culprits were family members.

 

Conclusion Genital wart was the most common STI in children. Vaccination to prevent genital warts should be considered seriously.

 


Keywords


STI, child abuse, condyloma-acuminata, syphilis

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References


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