Venous insufficiency in patients of toenail onychomycosis

Zareen Saqib, Khawar Khurshid, Zahida Rani, Faria Asad, Sabrina Suhail Pal

Abstract


Objective To determine the association between toenail onychomycosis and venous insufficiency.

 

Methods 100 patients and 100 controls fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in the study after taking informed consent. Venous insufficiency was detected by performing color Doppler ultrasound of lower limb veins.

 

Results Out of 100 cases, 3% patients had venous insufficiency. Two persons among controls were found to have venous incompetence.

 

Conclusion A positive association was found between venous insufficiency and toenail onychomycosis, however, this was not significant statistically.

 

 


Keywords


Toenail onychomycosis, venous insufficiency, Doppler ultrasonography

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References


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