Characteristics of facial melasma on Javanese women in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Betty Ekawati Suryanigsih


Objective To understand the clinical characteristics of melasma in Javanese women.


Methods We used a cross-sectional study design, conducting a clinical examination and collecting questionnaires from93 Javanese women with melasma.


Results Among 93 patients, centrofacial melasma was more prevalent than maxillary melasma (55.9% vs. 44.1%). We found no mandibular melasma. Most cases were categorized as mild rather than moderate degree using the Melasma Area Severity Index (60.2%:39.8%), and most of these were found in women aged at least 40 years (55.9%). Family history (58.1%) and sun exposure exceeding 1 hour (61.3%) were among the factors contributing to melasma development.


Conclusion Characteristics of melasma in Javanese women are centrofacial type, mild severity and most common in those who are at least 40 year old with sun exposure and have a family history.



Melasma, melasma type, MASI, sun exposure, family history

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