Frequency of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV positive patients

Sehrish Ashraf, Kehkshan Tahir, Faizan Alam, Ijaz Hussain

Abstract


Objective To determine the frequency of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV positive patients.

 

Methods This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Outpatient Department of Dermatology and HIV clinic of Services Hospital, Lahore from Jun 10, 2015 to Dec 09, 2015. Total 170 HIV positive patients fulfilling inclusion / exclusion criteria), were assessed on clinical grounds and relevant investigations e.g. KOH preparations, Tzanck smear and histopathology were carried out. These patients were enrolled in the study after taking informed consent. Patient’s biodata, CD4 count and mucocutaneous lesions found were recorded on a predesigned proforma.

 

Results The age ranged between 16 and 60 with a mean of 41.9 ± 8.2 years. There were 113 (66.5%) male patients and 57 (33.5%) female patients. Mucocutaneous manifestations were found in 143 out of 170 (84.1%) patients.

 

Conclusion A high prevalence of dermatological lesions in HIV infected patients was seen in the present study. Most common mucocutaneous manifestation was viral infections followed by bacterial and fungal infections.

 


Keywords


Mucocutaneous manifestation, HIV, CD4, KOHMucocutaneous manifestation, HIV, CD4, KOH

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References


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