Cutaneous features of chikungunya - A case series from North India

Priyanka Sharma, Jasleen Kaur, Gurvinder P Thami

Abstract


Objective To document cutaneous features of Chikungunya (CKG) in a recent outbreak of CKG in August 2016 in North India.

 

Methods A total of 32 patients with cutaneous manifestations of suspected CKG were enrolled in the study.

 

Results A wide variety of cutaneous lesions were observed. Maculopapular rash was the most frequent cutaneous manifestation followed closely by hyperpigmentation. A typical nose pigmentation previously reported in CKG, was also noted in this study. In addition, diffuse facial pigmentation was another common pattern observed, predominantly in the females. Aphthous stomatitis and lymphedema were the other less frequent manifestations in this study. Vesiculobullous lesions were seen in infants. Exacerbation of underlying dermatoses was also noted.

 

Conclusion There is a wide spectrum of cutaneous manifestations in CKG besides the maculopapular rash, unlike most other viral infections. Some of the typical pigmentary patterns can be considered as markers for the diagnosis of CKG.

 


Keywords


Chikungunya, cutaneous manifestations/features, Chik sign, hyperpigmentation, vesiculobullous

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