Quality of life in patients with alopecia areata attending dermatology department in a tertiary care centre - A cross-sectional study

Dr. Fasalul Abideen, Anoop Thy Valappil, Dr Pretty Mathew, Dr Ajayakumar Sreenivasan, Dr Rajiv Sridharan

Abstract


Objective To assess the quality of life in patients with alopecia areata and its relationship with severity of alopecia areata.

 

Methods This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 60 patients with clinically diagnosed cases of alopecia areata, over a period of 1 year. Quality of life and psychiatric morbidity were assessed using Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire – 28 (GHQ – 28), respectively.

 

Results Quality of life based on DLQI score was affected in 70% of cases. Assessment of quality of life in four subscales of general health questionnaire-28 individually showed involvement of social dysfunction subscale most commonly. It was found that, there was positive relationship between severity of alopecia areata and psychiatric morbidity based on GHQ-28. There was significant statistical association between quality of life based on GHQ-28 and DLQI.

 

Conclusion Quality of life based on DLQI score was impaired in 70% of cases where as psychiatric morbidity was noticed in 48.3% of patients. With regards to the pattern of alopecia areata, very large effect was noticed in patients with alopecia areata other than patchy type.

 


Keywords


Alopecia areata, quality of life, psychiatric morbidity

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References


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