Erythroderma: A clinico-etiological study of 92 cases

Fozia Sheikh, Rabia Ghafoor, Moizza Tahir


Objective To determine frequency of various causes associated with erythroderma.


Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in Dermatology Departments, JPMC and PNS Shifa Hospital. All the patients of erythroderma presenting fulfilling inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled. Complete history was taken and physical examination was done. Skin biopsy was performed and cause was established. Date were entered and analyzed in SPSS version 16.


Results A total of 92 cases fulfilling the inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled. 66 (72%) were males whereas 26 (28%) were females. Mean age was 43.48±7.25 years. 50 (54.6%) patients were between 21-40 years and 42 (45.4%) were between 41-60 years of age. Regarding causes of erythroderma, psoriasis was the most frequent cause of erythroderma seen in 38 (41.3%) patients followed by dermatitis in 16 (17.4%), ichthyosis in 6 (6.5%) and scabies in 4 (4.3%) patients.


Conclusion Psoriasis is the commonest disease associated with erythroderma followed by dermatitis and ichthyosis. Awareness of these frequent causes can help us to develop an efficient strategy for diagnosis and appropriate management of the disease.



Erythroderma, frequency, psoriasis, dermatitis, ichthyosis

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